Ever wonder how is the digital age ever started? It is all started way back on 1833 when Faraday did his experiment:
Work on semiconductors published by Michael Faraday.
Michael Faraday found that the material's conductivity increased with temperature. This effect is typical of semiconductors the material of choice for the chip industry.
8 October, 1926
Julius Lilienfield patents a device that will become known as the transistor.
The Colossus computer was built by British to crack the Lorenz code used by Hitler to encrypt messages to his generals.
23 December, 1947
John Bardeen and Walter Brattain working under William Shockley show off the first transistor to bosses at Bell Labs New Jersey.
16 November, 1953
First computer based on transistor was built.
Richard Grimsdale, Douglas Webb and Tom Kilburn did the prototype computer built with transistors. Later it become the Metrovick 950 the first commercial transistorised computer .
First silicon transistor built.
Bell Labs chemist Morris Tanenbaum builds the first silicon transistors the basis of today's chips. Texas Instruments to build the first commercial devices later in the year as Bell didn't go into mass production allowing it rival to do it first.
Modern mass manufacturing techniques "oxide masking" introduced.
Bell Labs develops the technique and it is still used to make today's chips.
The Beginning of Silicon Valley.
William Shockley leaves Bell Labs and sets up Shockley Semiconductors at 391 San Antonio Road in Mountain View, California. Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce founded Intel. The company starts developing silicon devices.
1 October, 1956
Nobel Prizes recognize transistor research
William Shockley John Bardeen and Walter Brattain are awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect".
The Beginning of Silicon Industry.
The "Traitorous eight" leave Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory to set up Fairchild Semiconductors which becomes the first exclusive silicon company. Now the semiconductor industry is worth more than 100 million.
12 September, 1958
First integrated circuit shown.
Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments demonstrates the first integrated circuit at a press conference in March 1959.
Chip Production Processing: The Planar Process
Develops by Fairchild Semiconductor's Jean Hoerni. His colleague Robert Noyce commercializes the process of making integrated circuits allowing high volumes production.
Semiconductor industry now worth 1 billion.
19 April, 1965
Moores Law published
Moores predicts that the number of transistors on a chip will double every year for the next ten years.
3 October, 1968
First personal computer is announced
The term "Personal Computer" was introduced by Hewlett-Packard in an advert for the 911A calculator in Science magazine.
15 November, 1971
Sale of First microprocessor.
The first commercial microprocessor, the Intel 4004 which contained 2300 transistors and had roughly the same power as the ENIAC computer was launched. Designed for the Busicom calculator, the machine had a speed of 108kHz, 2000 times slower than today's chips.
Altair 8800 Launched
The Altair 8800 was an unexpected sales success, although it is not the first personal computer. The PC was the first machine to run Microsoft software Altair BASIC. It was sold as a kit through Popular Electronics magazine.
Moores Law revised
Moores new prediction states that the number of transistors on a chip will double every 24 months rather than every 12.
Apple-1 computer launched
Designed by Steve Wozniak. First shown off at the Homebrew Computer Club in Palo Alto. Wozniak's friend, Steve Jobs marketed the computer and it went on sale at a price of 666.66 in July 1976. About 200 units were produced. The computer need users to add a case power supply keyboard and display to work.
12 October, 1981
IBM launch its business PC
IBM introduces the 5150, its first desktop PCs. It was its most successful as it wasn't the firm's first attempt to introduce a PC. It is equipped with just 16K of memory and used an audio cassette as data storage. This machine kick-started the personal computer revolution.
10 April, 1989
First microprocessor with a million transistors.
The 486 microprocessor was introduced by Intel, it contains 1,200,000 transistors and runs at a speed of 50 MHz, 40 times slower than today's chips.
22 March, 1993
The first Intel Pentium processor unveiled
7 March, 2000
GigaHertz speed reached by AMD Athlon
Intel rival Advanced Micro Devices AMD launch the Athlon chip the first commercial processor to run at speeds of 1GHz or 1 billion calculations per second.
Nobel Prizes recognize chip technology
After42 years the technology was invented, Jack Kilby is awarded The Nobel Prize in Physics "for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit".
IBM introduce the first multicore chip.
The IBM POWER-4 to be first chip to use multiple cores for use in high-end servers. Each core is effectively a programmable chip in its own right.
7 February, 2005
Launch of The Cell processor.
Research done by Sony IBM and Toshiba has resulted The Cell processor. The Cell consists of eight cores and runs 10 times faster than other PC chips on the market. It drives the PlayStation 3 and was launched in San Francisco.
Computer get smaller and more user friendly.
It's all started with a single transistor, now it's getting faster and smaller.
So what is next?